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Glossary Skin Ingredients




 Skincare is at its very core about clear understanding insight of the ingredients.

All skincare observers knowing how to best nurture your skin is easier, when we understand more about what it is in the product and how it functions your skin type.

Treatments and products only good science behind them, so knowing the reasons why we treat skin the way we do is the first step to understanding your skin's biology. It's one of the first things to explain who is exploring the world of skin health for the first time.

 Skin Layers

There are three main layers to our skin, the epidermis, the dermis and the subcutaneous layer. Each of theses layer contains essential pieces of the skin puzzle. Connective tissue, collagen and elastin fibres, sweat glands , hair follicles and blood vessels. Different treatments and products will target specific areas of the skin.

Pores & Follicles

Pores are visible opening of hair follicles, which grow out of the dermis. There are two types of pores oil and sweat pores, both can be clogged and cause congestion, including acne. Keeping the skin clean is the easiest way to prevent clogged pores, although people with certain skin conditions may struggle more with keeping their pores clear. Since pores provide an exact for dead skin cells and excess oil, keeping clear is essential for healthy skin.

However, there are ways to balance the appearance of larger pores while maintaining healthy plump skin- these include ample moisturising, proper cleansing and regular exfoliation.

The Skin's hero proteins

There are three major proteins that make up our skin, Collagen, elastin and keratin. Each player a crucial role in the turnover of the cells and overall appearance of the skin texture.

* Collagen

Collagen is why youthful skin is plumper and more radiant, is the most abundant making up around 80 per cent of protein to the skin. Its what gives our skin structure and what breaks down as we age.

* Elastin 

Does exactly what its name suggest, provides elasticity to your skin and wards off sagging or wrinkled skin. Both collagen and elastin are essential for skin health.

* Keratin

Widly associated with hair , also plays an important role in our skin as the follicles that hold hair particles are made of keratin.

* Let's Go Deeper! Understanding, Most Popular Ingredients In The Market

*AHAs, BHAs and PHAs

The reason we love them is that they work to promote cell turnover and exfoliate dead skin cells on the surface of the skin, so the can help erase fine lines and help with surface -level congestion. Our favourite AHA is lactic acid because its super gentle but also hydrating and its ideal for most skin types.

* Beta hydroxy acids

Penetrate  deeper into the pores, so they are great for controlling blemishes and acne.The most popular BHi is salicylic acid, which is great ingredient to look when treating congested skin.

* Polyhydroxy acids - PHAs

Are similar like AHAs in that they just touch the surface of the skin and don't penetrate deeper into the pore. Since they are essential irritating acid they are better for those with sensitive skin.

*Alpha-lipoic acid -ALA 

ALA occurs naturally in the body , it's both an essential fatty acid and potent antioxidant that has proven to minimises  the appearance of fine lines, wrinkles, visual pores and even skin tone.

* Azelaic acid 

Azelaic acid is a power house multitasker for the skin. As has an effective leave-on exfoliant it worked to gently clean out pores while delivering potent antioxidant protection and reducing reactivity, redness and textural irregularities. Its best used to treat skin conditions including acne and rosacea.

* Bakuchiol

Bakuchiol is extracted from psoralen corylifolia plant , and it's sometimes called a natural retinol' while the results of using bakuchiol is certainly a great nature occurring product for encoring cell turn over and promoting healthier skin. Bakichiol stimulates the production of new skin cells, boosting collagen and helping to slow the appearance of fine lines.

* Ferulic acid 

Another plant -derived antioxidant and anti ageing wonder ingredient, ferrulic acid helps to destroy free radicals and improve the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles.Its is almost always paired with vitamins C and E to help stabilise their concentrates as once stabilised, these vitamins become more powerful and are able to promote collagen production, improving the look of ageing skin.


Syrupy in texture and colour free, glycerin is a skin repairing substance help to maintain the skin microbiome and combat dry and scaly skin. Glycerin's powerful moistening properties mean its often used as an ingredient in treating chronic skin conditions such as psoriasis and dermatitis that are characterised by extremely dry skin.

* Hyaluronic acid 

Hyaluronic acid is the key to smooth, super soft pillowy skin, helps prop moisture levels as we stop producing it with age. This ingredient carries 1000 times its weight in water, its non-comedogenic and provides immediate long-lasting hydration while padding out the fine lines that appear when the skin lakes in water.

* Niacinamide -vitamin B3

A powerful antioxidant that prevents free radical damage, its formidable ingredient loved for its ability to interact with cells and stimulate microcirculation the dermis, thereby improving skin tone, texture and laxity. Niacinamide is used to tackle a legion of skin concerns, including hyperpigmentation, inflammation, reduced skin elasticity and redness. Its often used to treat acne .

* Peptides

Peptides are ideal for those seeking the look of firmer skin with fewer fine lines and wrinkles. Peptides are compounds formed by chains of linked amino acids. These compounds communicate with surrounding cells and help to activate numerous skin restorative process, including collagen production and tissue repair.These two process improve skin elasticity, soften fine lines and wells and reduce inflammation.

* Resveratrol 

Resveratrol is a potent antioxidant in plants- red grapes, blueberries, that cleans up existing free radicals and prevents new free radicals from forming. As a result the skins appearance is improved, fine lines and wrinkles are minimised and texture is even, as well as firmness are boosted UVB related rays is targeted and prevented. When applied topically, this antimicrobial substance is proven to promote the appliance of smooth, youthful looking complexion.

* Retinol

Retinol is a powerhouse ingredient that is common. It's considered the holy grail in skincare because of the way it enhances skin's radiance and refines the texture by visibly improving the look of fine lines, wrinkles, acne, oiliness and rosacea. Retinol should only be used in the evening as it becomes unstable when exposed to sunlight. Encapsulated formulas release retinol slowly, making it gentler on the skin. Like peptides, retinol is another cell communicating ingredient and antioxidant. It instructs damaged skin cells to make healthier cell and counteracts the activity of enzymes that degrade collagen and elastin.

* Squalane

Squalane is a powerful moisturiser and emollient, used either in its pure oil form or with other anti-aging ingredients. It is produced naturally in our skin, although production begins to slow down as we age so applying squalene topically can help to plump and firm the skin's texture. Squalane also has antioxidant properties which can help fight free radicals and also clear up any skin damage.

* Vitamin C

Vitamin C is an antioxidant with anti-inflammatory properties, vitamin c helps protect the skin against free radicals, and for this reason , it is a favourite in skincare regimens. Vitamin C is a melanin inhibitor that brightens hyperpigmentation and improves the appearance of skin. As an antioxidant, it fights free radical damage strengthens collagen and brightens and treats pigmentation caused by sun damage. Vitamin C is a powerhouse for most skin types.

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